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Sonnet Forms

List here are All Sonnet forms that I have found that have been given names.
They are segregated in separate indices as Standard or Gadget sonnets.

Sonnet forms listed here at last count = 157.
To jump to the specifications, poem example and template, click on sonnet name.
Please comment if you find any errors or omissions that need correction.
Sonnets marked like this were created by writers who are or have been on Allpoetry.

Any sonnet form which ends in couplet, wherein the 
poet combines two lines into one with internal rhyme.
Invented by Marcy Javis, writing as ea on Allpoetry.
abab cdcd efef gg
Staircase internal rhyme
TREATMENT rather than form
abba/ccd/abba/ede or aab/cddc/ebe/cddc
Alternate quatrains and tercets
It is a sonnet consisting of two seven line stanza's.
The first letters of each line form a two word acrostic, which must be alliterative.
The rhyme scheme is as follows: aabbcca abbccdd
 abab bbcc cdcd dd
 abab bbcc cdcd ee
 AaAa BBbb CdC DDd
aaaa bbbb ccc ddd
aaaaaaaa aaaaaa
Stanzaic       Two septets  (7 line stanzas)
Meter:         Iambic pentameter
Volta          Not specified.
Rhyme Scheme:  ababcbc ededfef
 English Sonnet with cross-rhyme and Consonant End-Rhyme.
 abba cbbc dbbd bb
abab cdcd efef gg
No rhyme; Strict Iambic Pentameter
AAa BBb CCc DDd ee
 abba cddc effe gg
abcabc defdef gg
abba acca ded ede
Unique from the Bowlesian sonnet because it is presented as two quatrains + two tercets
Rhyme Scheme: abba cddc eff egg
abbaabbacdcdcd dee .
 Each line begins with the last word of the preceding line,
abbaabba cde cde
abbaacca dee dff, and others
abab bbcc cdcd dd
xaxa xbxb xcxc dd
Abacbc Dedfef AD or abacbC dedfeF CF 
It consists of three quatrains and a couplet, but the couplet itself does not rhyme. 
The Rhyme scheme is:  abba cddc eefg gf
aa bb cc dd ee ff gg
aabb ccdd eeff gg or abab cdcd efef gg
3 quatrain + couplet, 8886/8886/8886/88
Rhymed:  aa(bb)c dd(ee)c ff(gg)h ii
Created by Marcy Jarvis, aka ea on Allpoetry.com
abcabc defde  or  abcabc dbcdc
aabb dccd eff egg
They rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg
All lines are six syllables.
Two of the quatrains MUST be iambic trimeter.
The other quatrain MUST be trochaic trimeter.
The couplet may be either meter
abcabc ee aeaeae or abcabc dd efefef
Any meter, any rhyme scheme
Created by  Allan R. Emery, aka Joe King on Allpoetry.
a*bbA accA addA a*A
Created by Jeff Green writing as CricketJeff.
 Re-uses identical words in specific pattern as opposed to rhyme scheme.
 abab cdcd efef gg
An otherwise normal sonnet with rhyme scheme
 abbacddc efgefg or abbacddc efefef.
abab bcbc cc cdcd
abba cddc ee fggf 
aaaaa bbccbb aaaa
abba cdcd efge hh 
abbaabba abbaab
Alexandrine meter, any rhyme
abba abba ccdeed or abba abba ccdccdor abba abba ccdede
abbabccb cddcdd
abbabccb cddcdd dee dff dgg
abba abba cddc dd
 aabbbccc ddedee
Stanzaic , consisting of alternate quintains and couplets
Meter is iambic pentameter
Rhyme scheme: abbba cc deeed ff
ababab cdcdcd ee
ababcdcdefefghgh ii
abba abba cdcd ee
abab cdcd efgefg 
abab cdcd efefef or abba cddc effe gg
Four tercets plus a couplet.
Syllabic 10/8/6/5Rhyme scheme is axa axa xaa xaa aa
abab abab abab ab
abbaabba cdecde or abbaabba cdccdc or abbaabba cdcdcd
abababab cdecde or abababab cdccdc or abababab cdcdcd
ababacca cdecde  or ababacca cdccdc  or ababacca cdcdcd
abab bcbc cdcd dd
aaaa bbbbbb aaaa
aabccb ddeffe ge
abcb bcdc cded de
abab ccdd efef gg
abc abd cab cde de 
abca bcab cabc dd
aabb ccdd eeff gg or abab cdcd efef gg 
abba ccdd effe gg or ababccdddedeff
 aaaaaaaa bbbbbbbb; A 16 line sonnet
AabB, ccbB, ddbB, AB -or- AbaB, cbcB, dbdB, AB.
rhyming pattern: abba acca cddc dd
format: English (quatrain, quatrain, quatrain, couplet)
Decastich, No End Rhyme Allowed
 Created by Rebecca Kerr:  Rhyme pattern aabbccdddeeeff
A Vietnamese form with 6/8/6/8..syllable lines and
internal rhmye.
aaab bbcc cddd ee
aaaa bbbb cccc dd
abbaccaa ddaeea
aaba bbcb ccdc dd
abab cdcd efef gg
abcabcbc dbadda
aabaaaba aababb
Sonnet Treatment - Not a form
Two quatrains plus two tercets
Rhyme scheme: abba baab cdc dcd
Volta at or following line 9

It is Stanzaic with three quatrains and a couplet
It is Syllabic 6/6/7/7 6/6/7/7 6/6/7/7  7/7
It is Rhymed with a Refrain
Rhyme Pattern Aabb cccc Aa cc dd
Use any sonnet rhyme patteren + Internal Rhyme
Created by Lawrencealot of Allpoetry
A1bA2B1 bcB1c B1dbd A1A2
This sonnet is composed of 3 quatrains, 
the first line of each being iambic  pentameter or tetrameter, and  the next three being one foot less (tetrameter or trimeter).
The closing couplet is Iambic pentameter.
Rhyme scheme: abbb accc deee dd
Form created by Jose Risal M. Reyes in honor of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
 rhyming pattern: abba abba cddc dd
 aaaa bbbb aaaa cc
aaaa bbbb cccc dd

Invented and named by Jose Rizal M. Reyes of the Philippines.   Meter is iambic pentameter
Rhyme Scheme: aaxa bbxb ccxc dd
aaaa bbbb cc dddd
A formulistic sonnet with first syllable(s) rhyme with is the inverse pattern of the orginal sonnet form chosedn.
abab ccdd eff egg
No rhyme Required, Any Permitted
abab cbc aa, abab cbc bb, abab cbc cc abab cac aa
abab cac bb, abab cac cc, abab cac aa
Four tercets plus a couplet
rhyme scheme aaa bbb ccc ddd ee
Invented by Ruth Poteet writing on Allpoetry as Reason.
aaaa bb cccc dddd
ABba abAB abbaAB
aabcc ddbee fggf
 aaba bbcb ccac aa
 Invented and named by Jose Rizal M. Reyes of the Philippines.
Meter is iambic pentameter
Rhyme Scheme: aba bccb ded effe
Rhyme pattern is abcb acdc aded ae, where the c and d rhymes must be feminine.
abab cdcd efef gg
aaa abab aaa abab, aaa abab aaa abcb
axa abab axa abab, axa abab axa abcb
aaa abcb aaa abab, aaa abcb aaa abcb
axa abcb axa abab, axa abcb axa abcb
aaa bbcc aaa bbcc or aza bbcc aza bbcc (where "z" lines must  rhyme with each other, but can have any value, inclueding a-c.)
aaa baab aaa baab or axa baab axa baab
aaa bcbc aaa bcbc or axa bcbc axa bcbc
Two  Scupham stanzas (sextets) followed by a couplet
Metered: Iambic Pentamter
Rhymed: abccba deffed gg
No Rhyme, Formulistic word pattern
When read in the normal fashion, the poem has a pessimistic tone, but when read from bottom to top, it becomes and optimistic poem.  The rhyme scheme is abcdeedcbaffa and may optionally be written as a refrain sonnet as A1bcdeedcbA2ffA2A1.
Any Sonnet rhyme + Internal rhyme
Created by Victoria Sutton aka Passionspromise on Allpoetry
abababab cdccdc  or abababab cdecde
A 15 line sonnet, 3 quintains, aabba bbaab ababa,
iambic tetrameter, created by B. Chandler
aabb ccdd eeff gg or abab cdcd efef gg 
or abba cddc effe gg 
Here Lies this poet's proudest work.
It should be written in octosyllabic lines.
Meter either iambic or trochaic
Volta to appear at line 9.
It is defined by the Rhyme scheme: aabb ccdd efg efg
abab bcbc cdcd ee
 aba bccdbbde efe 
abcc deff ghii jj
Any rhyme Scheme, 4 to 8 quatrains followed by couplet
A1. b. b. A2... c. d. d. c... e. f. f. e... A1. A2.
Rhyme Pattern: aaaabbccddeeff
abab  cdcd  effe  fe
Aabb bbcc ccdd ddaA   
A1bA2 bcb cdc dad A1A2 or  aba bcb cdc ded ff
ababcdcd ee ffgg 
Created by Victoria Sutton aka Passionspromise on Allpoetry
aa bbb cccc bbb aa rhyme scheme May change between occurrences of indicated rhyme on basis of
slant rhyme, sight rhyme, metronyms, etc.
ABaAab ABaAab AB
 Aba cbc Ded fef AD
A1A2 bcb cddc bcb A2A1
Created by R.L. Leonard, aka Tirrell on Allpoetry.
abbabcab adeced  or abbabcba bdeced
abab cc dede fgfg 
Internal rhyme only
Octet + Sestet -Usually Iambic Pentameter
Internal Rhyme scheme abbaabba cdecde
Originated by Audrea Visser
Created by Tim Weaver, aka Poeticweaver on Allpoety
Rhyme pattern: aabb cdcd efef gg
Volta/Meter/Line length optional
Lines alternate between iambic pentameter and hexameter
Rhyme scheme: abab cccc dede ff*
where f* is a near rhyme to f
any sonnet rhyme pattern, one word per line
abbaacca dede ff
abbaabba cddc ee
Empty Cell
Empty Cell
Last Added Lazy Day Sonnet

1 comment:

  1. what is a ( ababcdcd efgefg ) sonnet called? im working on the poem of Rupert Brooke "The Soldier"